The Ark Encounter: Depicting a Real Flood with Unrealistic Images.


    Guests at the Ark Encounter will observe many descriptions and artistic impressions of what happened before, during and just after Noah’s Flood.  One set of images was especially interesting to me because it visualized different stages of the Flood.  One panel which explains how the Flood waters prevailed over the highest mountains was particularly perplexing because of the mixed messages it was sending.   In this panel the portrayal of the Flood waters runs contrary to the creationist’s own literature in addition to containing implicit messages that are not supported by any evidence.  Below is my photo of that image.  My eye was drawn to two things:  the animals swimming in the water and the water itself.


    The Ark Encounter.

    A depiction of one of the events during the Flood year. Photo: Joel Duff on the Ark Encounter, July 15th, 2016.


    Let’s start by taking a look at the animals that are being depicted.  There is a plesiosaur, an ichthyosaur and at least one cetacean – a whale.  This depiction is accurate with respect to the YECs own literature.   Just as they believe dinosaurs lived at the same time as humans and other mammals, they also believe the sea reptiles must have lived contemporaneously with whales and dolphins. Nonetheless, like their claims about dinosaurs, this depiction is not supported by any evidence.


    What does the fossil record – the observable, objective facts – tell us about these animals.  The first – the sea reptiles – existed as more than 500 species and are found solely as fossils in sedimentary rocks that are dated, by conventional methods, older than 65 million years old.   Young-earth creationists all agree these rocks formed during a global Flood.  Hence, for the creationist, the evidence strongly suggests that the Flood caused the extinction of hundreds of species of great sea reptiles.


    The fossil record also tells us that no cetaceans (dolphin, porpoise or whale) have ever been found in rock older than 65 million years.  Clearly identifiable cetaceans are only found in young rocks which young earth creationists claim are post-flood in origin.   From the young-earth perspective the message of the fossil record is crystal clear:  there is no physical evidence that any whale or dolphin was destroyed by the Flood.  At the same time, the fossil record clearly indicates that not a single sea reptile – turtles excluded – survived the Flood.  Yet, here we have a depiction of both types of animals peaceably swimming below the Ark.  Given what happened to both how are we to believe that the Flood would have selected one sea animal for extinction while not killing any of the other?  to confuse the matter, in this portrayal of the Flood the waters under the Ark are clear and the plesiosaur has plenty to eat.  And yet they all died.   From this image you would think the plesiosaurs would have no problem surviving the Flood and therefore might be living in Loch Ness in Scotland.


    The Ark Encounter.

    A whale fossil from “whale valley” in Egypt not far from Cairo. Here hundreds of whales fossils lie exposed in this wind eroded valley. These whales where large-headed toothed whales that are not alive today. This is just one example of hundreds of locations where whale fossils may be found and are often very complete. However, all whales fossils are found in “young” rocks and never with sea reptiles which are also very common in the fossils record.  (AFP/File/Cris Bouroncle)


    A deep time perspective has little difficulty explaining these observed facts of the fossil record.  Sea reptiles evolved from land reptiles during the Age of the Dinosaurs (Triassic – Cretaceous). Following their extinction, around the same time as the dinosaurs, the oceans lacked large animal predators other than sharks.  With the diversification of mammals after the dinosaur age, some lineages, including one that became cetaceans, found conditions advantageous for adapting to life in the ocean.  A deep time perspective also provides an explanation for how so many species could have existed.


    In the Flood scenario millions of individuals of each of 700 or more species of sea reptiles and mammals must have been sharing the same space and competing for much of the same food.  Today only 88 species of cetaceans fill our oceans.  One might argue that a few more species could coexist with our current species but 600 more species? Where would they all fit?   On the other hand, over millions of years some species could have gone extinct as other formed from their ancestors. The gradual replacement of species with new ones allows a sustainable balance of species in the world’s oceans at any point in time.


    Unrealistic depictions of the Flood used to convince guests of the plausibility of a real ark and a real global flood.


    The very same depiction of the Noahic Flood that contains the sea reptiles and mammals also struck me as inconsistent with the message of the Ark Encounter.  Don’t you think there is something strange about the water itself?  The water is blue and clear!


    Where is the sediment?  This image depicts a tranquil sea. Nothing in the young-earth flood geology literature suggests a placid flood covering the earth.  If the Ark has already been raised above the mountain tops, as shown in the image, how could 20,000 feet of sediment be deposited onto the pre-flood land from clear water? Small particulates in the water column could not have settled out in enough time for the waters to ever have been clear during the Flood.


    Am I making a mountain out of a molehill here? Well, maybe a bit but stick with me because I think this image provides an illustration of a problem that is found throughout the Ark Encounter.


    I recognize the clarity of the water is not as important as getting the dimensions of the ark right in the mind of the AiG staff.   In addition, they acknowledge that they have used creative and artistic license to depict some aspects of the Noahic account.  I believe the artistic license is in reference to giving names to wives of Noah and what their living quarters may have looked like and other such clearly speculative information provided at the Ark Encounter.   But, couldn’t this image of the Flood waters covering the earth be just an artistic way of depicting the events of the Flood and therefore not objectionable?  No, I don’t think so. I think it presents an inconsistent message and that inconsistently hits right at the core of what the presumed educational value of the Ark is.


    The problem is that young-earth creationists would not consider the geological consequences of Noah’s flood as being subject to speculation and thus artistic license.  There is a well-established base of creationist’ literature which purports to account for how the Flood was initiated, was sustained and subsided on the Earth resulting in all of the sedimentary rock and fossils found in those rocks.  A calm sediment-free ocean as depicted here is a direct contradiction to all of their published literature.


    I understand that showing a murky-brown sediment-filled ocean below the Ark would not be especially pleasing to the eye.  It also raises even more questions such as how would filter feeding whales survive in muddy water?  However, around the corner they weren’t afraid to get real about the devastation of the Flood by showing a heathen teenager girl who missed the boat being eaten by a shark.    I will grant that the latter is artistic license but it doesn’t violate any of the young-earth creationist predictions of what could have happened at the onset of the Flood.  Showing clear blue seas, on the other hand, is a depiction of a history they believe to be false.


    The Ark Encounter.

    What is this image doing? It is creating a false impression of the geological realities of the global flood in the mind of the viewer. What was the point of the “bathtub ark” room on the Ark Encounter?  The point was that there is a danger is portraying the ark unrealistically lest it not be taken seriously.   We are told in that room that the bathtub arks get everything wrong including the modern animals they portray on the ark.  There we are presented with the 7 D’s of Deception.  One of those (pictured below) is the deception of “disorienting the reader.”   We learn that “presenting contradictory information confuses readers rather than properly instructing them.”


    The Ark Encounter.

    But this image does nothing but cause confusion about how the Flood waters covered the earth and what effects they would have the animals living in the sea.  The Ark Encounter seeks to dispel many of the “false” images of the Ark that have crept in the consciousness of Christians. Unfortunately the Ark Encounter turns right around and plants many new false images in the minds of those that will visit this attraction. One cannot expect guests at the ark to be able to parse artistic license, pure speculation, and some facts from each other any more than AiG expects children to comprehend the size of the Ark and the tremendous devastation wrought on the Earth from reading their bathtub ark books.  If they wish to present as accurate portrait of the Flood as possible they can’t send mixed messages to their audience.


    Here is the depiction of the early stages of the flood killing off various dinosaurs that weren’t chosen to be on the Ark. Photo: Joel Duff, July 15, 2016.




    votre commentaire
  • Islamophobia.

    votre commentaire

    This is what happens when you put a piece of garlic in your ear overnight.

    Garlic has a composition with a power to heal many diseases. The compounds of garlic are highly protective of the nerves and the cardiovascular system. The immune function is enhanced by the compounds. They also fight the growth of many types of tumors and they help in promoting healthy hormone function.

    If you want to lower your cholesterol, to inhibit the hardening of your arteries, to enhance the elasticity of your blood vessels and to maintain a healthy blood pressure, then you need to use garlic because it is excellent for these problems.

    The significant blood sugar-modifying properties that the garlic demonstrates are a real help in the fight against both type 2 diabetes and obesity. Garlic is not a miracle food to keep you in shape, but it will help you a lot. If you eat garlic, your blood sugar and your weight will be on the right track.

    The medical properties of garlic;

    Garlic has a flavonoid called Quercetin and is rich in it and it acts as a powerful antioxidant, antihistamine, anti-cholesterol, and anti-inflammatory. Garlic also has antibacterial property and it eliminates toxins from your body. The highest concentration of quercetin in garlic can be found at the part of the bulb closest to the root and its outer most rings nearest the skin. It is best if you can always use organically grown garlic.

    Garlic to help cold;

    Garlic is very effective for cold, you can eat it raw at the first sign of a cold, or you can boil it and drink it in tea with ginger and honey.

    Garlic to bring down a fever;

    You can bring down a fever by using an garlic. All you need to do is chop some potatoes and garlic, then put them together with some minced garlic in a pair of socks. You need to put the socks on your feet with the mix inside them and get in bed. And then you need to apply a cloth soaked in apple cider vinegar on your forehead. In the next hour, your temperature will come down.

    Garlic to cure a cough;

    Here is a recipe to cure a cough. You need to take one large garlic, peel it and cut it in half, then you need to cover the tops of both halves in ½ tablespoon of brown sugar, and let it sit for an hour and after that, collect the syrupy contents from the dish. You need to consume this twice a day.

    The garlic juice is more palatable from the brown sugar. It is a simple, effective and cheap natural remedy. But if you want to, you can also make a juice of honey and garlic, and your cough will be soothed by the honey, and the garlic will help you with its powerful antibiotic properties.

    Garlic for an earache and wax build up;

    The most inner part also called the heart of the garlic can be used by putting it in your ear if you suffer from a frequent earache or constant ear wax build up. The garlic due to its powerful anti-inflammatory properties will relieve the pain and it will soften the ear wax and it will make it easier to remove. You can apply the garlic before you go to sleep and the next morning you will feel better.

    Garlic to remove an eye irritant;

    If you have an eye irritation, all you need to do is cut a piece of garlic to get the tears flowing up – it will ease the irritant out of your eye. But don’t rub your eyes with the piece of garlic because your condition can get worse and you can cause serious injury.

    Garlic to heal a cut;

    A slice of garlic can help you in healing a cut. Just apply a slice of garlic on the cut to prevent any infection and to clean the cut. Then to seal the cut you need to apply some of the garlic skin and place it over the top of the cut. By doing this, the wound will clean itself and the bleeding will be stopped quickly. But if your cut is larger, then you need to place a small piece of gauze or some paper medical tape to keep the garlic skin in place, and you need to change the gauze twice a day.

    Garlic juice to heal surgical wounds;

    The garlic juice is a powerful and effective natural remedy and your wound will be healed without any drugs. It prevents scarring – particularly in people who have darker skin.

    Garlic to remove infection;

    To draw out infection all you need to do is boil milk and pour it onto a thick slice of white bread, then grate an garlic on top of the bread and mash it into a paste. After this is done, you need to clean the infected area and place the paste on it and you need to sit still so the paste can harden and pull the infection out of the body.

    Keep in mind that you must not break the seal and that after a few hours the infection will start to come out of the body. You need to clean the wound and you need to repeat this procedure twice a day until your infection is gone.

    Garlic to heal a burn;

    You need to slice the garlic in half and apply it to the burn and leave it for two minutes. You’ll feel relieved after one minute. After this, you need to whip up some egg whites and then apply it to the burned area and in order to form a protective barrier let it dry. After it is dried, cover it with a clean gauze bandage, and replace it when it will be necessary. The burn will heal and you won’t have any scars.

    Garlic to soothe bee stings and other insect bites.

    We all know that we need to remove the stinger from our skin when a bee or a wasp sting us. But afterwards, you need to cover the bite with a grated or crushed white garlic which due to its anti-inflammatory properties will reduce the swelling. And the allergic reaction will be prevented by the natural antihistamine of the garlic.



    votre commentaire

  • votre commentaire



    I was reading Leviticus recently and I came across this verse: “Every one of you shall reverence his mother and father. . .”Leviticus 19:3a (NASB).

    I was intrigued that “mother” was mentioned before “father” so I decided to search for other verses in the Bible that might also mention “mother” first. I couldn’t find any. But what I did find surprised me.

    I found over a dozen verses which command honouring, respecting and obeying your father and mother, with both the father and mother always mentioned together.[1]

    I had anticipated that in Bible times when the culture was predominantly patriarchal, the Old Testament authors, even more so than the New Testament authors, might have written verses that just mentioned honouring and obeying the father, leaving out the mother. However, it seems that under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, they were careful to always include honouring and obeying the mother as well.

    The only exceptions that I could find (please let me know if you find others) is in Malachi 1:6 and Hebrews 12:5-10. Here, “mother” is not mentioned because God is using the example of honouring and respecting fathers as an analogy of honouring God as “Father”.

    I then decided to look at the book of Proverbs because I knew there were verses there about heeding a father’s teaching. Again I was surprised. While I did find two passages about paying attention to a father’s instruction with no mention of the mother,[2] I found two others which included a mother’s teaching also:

    “Listen, my son, to your father’s instruction and do not forsake your mother’s teaching.” Proverbs 1:8-9
    “My son, keep your father’s commands and do not forsake your mother’s teaching.” 
    Proverbs 6:20

    So what is the purpose of pointing out these scriptures? To try to address the imbalance that over-emphasises the husband’s leadership in the home and family while under-estimating the wife’s leadership.

    These verses, as well as verses in the New Testament such as Ephesians 6:1-3 and Colossians 3:20, show that even in patriarchal times God’s view was that the father and mother were equally worthy of honour and obedience, and that mothers as well as fathers were to teach their children. The biblical texts do not prescribe a gender hierarchy between fathers and mothers.


    There is no scriptural reason to suppose that a mother’s teaching is necessarily less important than a father’s teaching. A mother’s teaching can, and should, include important and valuable life lessons, including spiritual instruction. Moreover, the Bible shows that a woman can teach her adult sons valuable lessons, even if they are the king!  See Proverbs 31:1-9.

    I firmly believe that God’s ideal is that families and households are to be led by a husband and wife, where the family responsibilities and resources are shared, not according to rigid gender roles and cultural expectations,[3] but according to each person’s skills, abilities and temperaments, where neither the husband nor the wife is “the boss” because the real leader is the Lord Jesus Christ, leading and guiding through the Holy Spirit.

    The overemphasis on subordinating wives (and women in general) is still too prevalent in many Christian circles, and goes beyond what the apostles Paul and Peter envisioned when they were writing about family relationships.


    [1] Genesis 28:7: . . . and that Jacob had obeyed his father and mother and had gone to Paddan Aram.

    Exodus 21:17: Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.

    Leviticus 19:3a: Every one of you shall reverence his mother and father. . .

    Deuteronomy 5:16; Exodus:20:12;Matthew 19:19Mark 10:19Luke 18:20: “Honour your father and your mother . . .

    Deuteronomy 21:18-19:If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will “not listen to them when they discipline him, his father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his town.

    Deuteronomy 27:16:Cursed is he who dishonours his father or mother.’

    Matthew 15:4Mark 7:10 “For God said, ‘Honour your father and mother,’ and, ‘He who speaks evil of father or mother is to be put to death.’

    Ephesians 6:1-2a: Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honour your father and mother” . . .

    Note that these verses were not primarily given with small children in mind. In biblical cultures, adult children were expected to honour and obey their parents.

    [2] In Proverbs chapter 4 the author seems to be the father, and he is talking about himself, which may be why he did not mention the mother. See also Proverbs 13:1.
    The intertestamental writings (non-biblical writings that were written between Old and New Testament times) only refer to fathers (not mothers) teaching their sons (not their daughters.) See 2 
    Baruch 84:9; Jubilees 7:38-39; 8:2; 10:8; Testament of Levi 9:1, 6-9; 13:2; Ben Sirach 30:34 Maccabees 18:11-12. These writing reveal a low view of women that is largely absent in the Bible. [My article on The Portrayal of Women in the Bible and Biblical Inspiration here.]

    [3] Many traditional gender roles are not actually prescribed in the Bible, but are the result of cultural and societal conditioning.



    votre commentaire

    Suivre le flux RSS des articles de cette rubrique
    Suivre le flux RSS des commentaires de cette rubrique